vocab via Hegel

predicate, noun.
1. Logic. That which is said of a subject; esp. (in the traditional logic of categorical propositions) what is affirmed or denied of the subject of a proposition by means of the copula. For example, my father in this man is my father, mortal in all men are mortal.
a. A quality, an attribute.
b. A personal appellation or title that asserts something about the person who bears

2. Grammar. The part of a sentence or clause containing what is said about a subject (e.g. went home in John went home yesterday), sometimes excluding any adjunct (yesterday in this example).

ratiocination, noun.
1. a. The action or process of reasoning, esp. deductively or by using syllogisms.
2. The power or faculty of reasoning; capacity to reason.